Aims and Objectives of the project
The six main goals of the project are to find out:
- What are the actual losses to crops due to elephants?
- What factors can be used to predict HEC in the Okavango panhandle?
- Where are the local elephant migration routes/corridors?
- Do elephants have daytime refuges? If so, what are the characteristics of these?
- What are the spatial correlates, if any, of HEC in the Okavango panhandle?
- What is the role of movement corridors and elephant refuges in determining the distribution and intensity of HEC incidents?
The six project aims for year one are to:
- Geo-reference primary HEC data and independently measure severity of incidents
- Conduct a comparative survey of raided and non-raided farms in the Okavango panhandle to explore a range of factors affecting a) the susceptibility of farms to raids and b) the amount of crop damage once an elephant has entered a field
- Identify and map traditional elephant migration routes/corridors in relation to human settlement and agricultural land use
- Investigate elephant daily activity patterns and determine where elephant daytime refuges are
- Use GIS, to conduct a detailed spatial analysis in the study area to identify spatial correlates of HEC
- Use data on elephant movement corridors and daily refuges in spatial correlate analysis to investigate if location of refuges, distance of corridors and refuges to farms, and density of elephants in refuges have a role in determining distribution and intensity of crop raiding